Claudia Sheinbaum Elected As Mexico’s First Female President

Claudia Sheinbaum, the former mayor of Mexico City, has been elected as Mexico’s first female president. Sheinbaum, representing the Morena party and viewed as the successor to President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), secured 58.6% of the votes with 73% of ballots counted, according to Mexico’s election agency.

Xóchitl Gálvez, who garnered 28.4% of the vote, conceded defeat but stressed the need for Sheinbaum to address Mexico’s serious issues. Jorge Álvarez Máynez from the center-left Citizen Movement received 10.6% of the vote. Gálvez warned, “I want to stress that my recognition (of Sheinbaum’s victory) comes with a firm demand for results and solutions to the country’s serious problems” elected.

The Morena party and its allies are also poised to achieve a two-thirds majority in Congress, which would allow them to make constitutional changes without opposition support. This marks the first time since the early 1990s that a Mexican leader will have such a large congressional majority, as reported by The Wall Street Journal.

In her victory speech, Sheinbaum reassured voters that her administration would not become autocratic, stating, “We are democrats and out of conviction would never be an authoritarian or repressive government.” However, Carlos Elizondo, a professor of government at the Tecnológico de Monterrey University, expressed concerns, calling it “the worst scenario that could have happened.” Political analyst Antonio Ocaranza added, “If I’m an investor, I’m thinking these guys just got a blank check and what’s going to happen.

López Obrador wants to complete his agenda and take the political cost of those decisions while leaving Sheinbaum a blank slate to begin.”

In May 2023, López Obrador had criticized Florida Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis and Texas GOP Governor Greg Abbott, advocating against their campaigns and policies on militarizing the border and building a wall. Additionally, López Obrador has expressed a willingness to negotiate with Mexico’s powerful cartels, which have significant influence in parts of the country and are involved in producing drugs responsible for over 100,000 overdose deaths in the U.S.

Sheinbaum, 62, has a notable background as a Jewish woman whose grandparents fled Eastern Europe before World War II. Despite her heritage, she is not religiously observant. Her election marks a significant milestone in Mexico’s political landscape, and her leadership will be closely watched both domestically and internationally.